SonicWALL NSA 5650 Mid-Range NGFW

Secure distributed, branch office and corporate environments


SonicWALL NSA 5650 Mid-Range NGFW







RFDPI engine
Feature Description
Reassembly-Free Deep Packet Inspection (RFDPI) This high-performance, proprietary and patented inspection engine performs stream-based, bi-directional traffic analysis, without proxying or buffering, to uncover intrusion attempts and malware and to identify application traffic regardless of port.
Bi-directional inspection Scans for threats in both inbound and outbound traffic simultaneously to ensure that the network is not used to distribute malware and does not become a launch platform for attacks in case an infected machine is brought inside.
Stream-based inspection Proxy-less and non-buffering inspection technology provides ultra-low latency performance for DPI of millions of simultaneous network streams without introducing file and stream size limitations, and can be applied on common protocols as well as raw TCP streams.
Highly parallel and scalable The unique design of the RFDPI engine works with the multi-core architecture to provide high DPI throughput and extremely high new session establishment rates to deal with traffic spikes in demanding networks.
Single-pass inspection A single-pass DPI architecture simultaneously scans for malware, intrusions and application identification, drastically reducing DPI latency and ensuring that all threat information is correlated in a single architecture.
Firewall and networking
Feature Description
REST APIs Allows the firewall to receive and leverage any and all proprietary, original equipment manufacturer and third-party intelligence feeds to combat advanced threats such as zero-day, malicious insider, compromised credentials, ransomware and advanced persistent threats.
Stateful packet inspection All network traffic is inspected, analyzed and brought into compliance with firewall access policies.
High availability/clustering The NSA series supports Active/Passive (A/P) with state synchronization, Active/Active (A/A) DPI and Active/Active clustering high availability modes. Active/Active DPI offloads the deep packet inspection load to cores on the passive appliance to boost throughput.
DDoS/DoS attack protection SYN flood protection provides a defense against DoS attacks using both Layer 3 SYN proxy and Layer 2 SYN blacklisting technologies. Additionally, it protects against DoS/DDoS through UDP/ICMP flood protection and connection rate limiting.
IPv6 support Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is in its early stages to replace IPv4. With SonicOS, the hardware will support filtering and wire mode implementations.
Flexible deployment options The NSA series can be deployed in traditional NAT, Layer 2 bridge, wire and network tap modes.
WAN load balancing Load-balances multiple WAN interfaces using Round Robin, Spillover or Percentage methods.
Advanced quality of service (QoS) Guarantees critical communications with 802.1p, DSCP tagging, and remapping of VoIP traffic on the network.
H.323 gatekeeper and SIP proxy support Blocks spam calls by requiring that all incoming calls are authorized and authenticated by H.323 gatekeeper or SIP proxy.
Single and cascaded Dell N-Series and X-Series switch management Manage security settings of additional ports, including Portshield, HA, PoE and PoE+, under a single pane of glass using the firewall management dashboard for Dell’s N-Series and X-Series network switch.
Biometric authentication Supports mobile device authentication such as fingerprint recognition that cannot be easily duplicated or shared to securely authenticate the user identity for network access.
Open authentication and social login Enable guest users to use their credentials from social networking services such as Facebook, Twitter, or Google+ to sign in and access the Internet and other guest services through a host's wireless, LAN or DMZ zones using pass-through authentication.
Management and reporting
Feature Description
Cloud-based and on-premises management Configuration and management of SonicWall appliances is available via the cloud through the SonicWall Capture Security Center and on-premises using SonicWall Global Management System (GMS).
Powerful single device management An intuitive web-based interface allows quick and convenient configuration, in addition to a comprehensive command-line interface and support for SNMPv2/3.
IPFIX/NetFlow application flow reporting Exports application traffic analytics and usage data through IPFIX or NetFlow protocols for real-time and historical monitoring and reporting with tools such as SonicWall Scrutinizer or other tools that support IPFIX and NetFlow with extensions.
Virtual private networking (VPN)
Feature Description
Auto-provision VPN Simplifies and reduces complex distributed firewall deployment down to a trivial effort by automating the initial site-to-site VPN gateway provisioning between SonicWall firewalls while security and connectivity occurs instantly and automatically.
IPSec VPN for site-to-site connectivity High-performance IPSec VPN allows the NSA series to act as a VPN concentrator for thousands of other large sites, branch offices or home offices.
SSL VPN or IPSec client remote access Utilizes clientless SSL VPN technology or an easy-to-manage IPSec client for easy access to email, files, computers, intranet sites and applications from a variety of platforms.
Redundant VPN gateway When using multiple WANs, a primary and secondary VPN can be configured to allow seamless, automatic failover and failback of all VPN sessions.
Route-based VPN The ability to perform dynamic routing over VPN links ensures continuous uptime in the event of a temporary VPN tunnel failure, by seamlessly re-routing traffic between endpoints through alternate routes.
Content/context awareness
Feature Description
User activity tracking User identification and activity are made available through seamless AD/LDAP/Citrix1/Terminal Services1 SSO integration combined with extensive information obtained through DPI.
GeoIP country traffic identification Identifies and controls network traffic going to or coming from specific countries to either protect against attacks from known or suspected origins of threat activity, or to investigate suspicious traffic originating from the network. Ability to create custom country and Botnet lists to override an incorrect country or Botnet tag associated with an IP address. Eliminates unwanted filtering of IP addresses due to misclassification.
Regular expression DPI filtering Prevents data leakage by identifying and controlling content crossing the network through regular expression matching. Provides the ability to create custom country and Botnet lists to override an incorrect country or Botnet tag associated with an IP address.

Breach prevention subscription services

Capture Advanced Threat Protection
Feature Description
Multi-engine sandboxing The multi-engine sandbox platform, which includes virtualized sandboxing, full system emulation, and hypervisor level analysis technology, executes suspicious code and analyzes behavior, providing comprehensive visibility to malicious activity.
Real-Time Deep Memory Inspection (RTDMI) This patent-pending cloud-based technology detects and blocks malware that does not exhibit any malicious behavior and hides its weaponry via encryption. By forcing malware to reveal its weaponry into memory, the RTDMI engine proactively detects and blocks mass-market, zero-day threats and unknown malware.
Block until verdict To prevent potentially malicious files from entering the network, files sent to the cloud for analysis can be held at the gateway until a verdict is determined.
Broad file type and size analysis Supports analysis of a broad range of file types, either individually or as a group, including executable programs (PE), DLL, PDFs, MS Office documents, archives, JAR, and APK plus multiple operating systems including Windows, Android, Mac OS X and multi-browser environments.
Rapid deployment of signatures When a file is identified as malicious, a signature is immediately deployed to firewalls with SonicWall Capture ATP subscriptions and Gateway Anti-Virus and IPS signature databases and the URL, IP and domain reputation databases within 48 hours.
Capture Client Capture Client is a unified client platform that delivers multiple endpoint protection capabilities, including advanced malware protection and support for visibility into encrypted traffic. It leverages layered protection technologies, comprehensive reporting and endpoint protection enforcement.
Encrypted threat prevention
Feature Description
TLS/SSL decryption and inspection Decrypts and inspects TLS/SSL encrypted traffic on the fly, without proxying, for malware, intrusions and data leakage, and applies application, URL and content control policies in order to protect against threats hidden in encrypted traffic. Included with security subscriptions for all NSA series models.
SSH inspection Deep packet inspection of SSH (DPI-SSH) decrypts and inspect data traversing over SSH tunnel to prevent attacks that leverage SSH.
Intrusion prevention
Feature Description
Countermeasure-based protection Tightly integrated intrusion prevention system (IPS) leverages signatures and other countermeasures to scan packet payloads for vulnerabilities and exploits, covering a broad spectrum of attacks and vulnerabilities.
Automatic signature updates The SonicWall Threat Research Team continuously researches and deploys updates to an extensive list of IPS countermeasures that covers more than 50 attack categories. The new updates take immediate effect without any reboot or service interruption required.
Intra-zone IPS protection Bolsters internal security by segmenting the network into multiple security zones with intrusion prevention, preventing threats from propagating across the zone boundaries.
Botnet command and control (CnC) detection and blocking Identifies and blocks command and control traffic originating from bots on the local network to IPs and domains that are identified as propagating malware or are known CnC points.
Protocol abuse/anomaly Identifies and blocks attacks that abuse protocols in an attempt to sneak past the IPS.
Zero-day protection Protects the network against zero-day attacks with constant updates against the latest exploit methods and techniques that cover thousands of individual exploits.
Anti-evasion technology Extensive stream normalization, decoding and other techniques ensure that threats do not enter the network undetected by utilizing evasion techniques in Layers 2-7.
Threat prevention
Feature Description
Gateway anti-malware The RFDPI engine scans all inbound, outbound and intra-zone traffic for viruses, Trojans, key loggers and other malware in files of unlimited length and size across all ports and TCP streams.
Capture Cloud malware protection A continuously updated database of tens of millions of threat signatures resides in the SonicWall cloud servers and is referenced to augment the capabilities of the onboard signature database, providing RFDPI with extensive coverage of threats.
Around-the-clock security updates New threat updates are automatically pushed to firewalls in the field with active security services, and take effect immediately without reboots or interruptions.
Bi-directional raw TCP inspection The RFDPI engine is capable of scanning raw TCP streams on any port bi-directionally preventing attacks that they to sneak by outdated security systems that focus on securing a few well-known ports.
Extensive protocol support Identifies common protocols such as HTTP/S, FTP, SMTP, SMBv1/v2 and others, which do not send data in raw TCP, and decodes payloads for malware inspection, even if they do not run on standard, well-known ports.
Application intelligence and control
Feature Description
Application control Control applications, or individual application features, that are identified by the RFDPI engine against a continuously expanding database of over thousands of application signatures, to increase network security and enhance network productivity.
Custom application identification Control custom applications by creating signatures based on specific parameters or patterns unique to an application in its network communications, in order to gain further control over the network.
Application bandwidth management Granularly allocate and regulate available bandwidth for critical applications or application categories while inhibiting nonessential application traffic.
Granular control Control applications, or specific components of an application, based on schedules, user groups, exclusion lists and a range of actions with full SSO user identification through LDAP/AD/Terminal Services/Citrix integration.
Content filtering
Feature Description
Inside/outside content filtering Enforce acceptable use policies and block access to HTTP/HTTPS websites containing information or images that are objectionable or unproductive with Content Filtering Service and Content Filtering Client.
Enforced Content Filtering Client Extend policy enforcement to block internet content for Windows, Mac OS, Android and Chrome devices located outside the firewall perimeter.
Granular controls Block content using the predefined categories or any combination of categories. Filtering can be scheduled by time of day, such as during school or business hours, and applied to individual users or groups.
Web caching URL ratings are cached locally on the SonicWall firewall so that the response time for subsequent access to frequently visited sites is only a fraction of a second.
Enforced antivirus and anti-spyware
Feature Description
Multi-layered protection Utilize the firewall capabilities as the first layer of defense at the perimeter, coupled with endpoint protection to block, viruses entering network through laptops, thumb drives and other unprotected systems.
Automated enforcement option Ensure every computer accessing the network has the appropriate antivirus software and/or DPI-SSL certificate installed and active, eliminating the costs commonly associated with desktop antivirus management.
Automated deployment and installation option Machine-by-machine deployment and installation of antivirus and anti-spyware clients is automatic across the network, minimizing administrative overhead.
Next-generation antivirus Capture Client uses a static artificial intelligence (AI) engine to determine threats before they can execute and roll back to a previous uninfected state.
Spyware protection Powerful spyware protection scans and blocks the installation of a comprehensive array of spyware programs on desktops and laptops before they transmit confidential data, providing greater desktop security and performance.



Firewall general NSA 2650 NSA 3650 NSA 4650 NSA 5650
Operating system SonicOS 6.5.2
Security processing cores 4 4 10 10
Interfaces 4 x 2.5-GbE SFP,
4 x 2.5-GbE,
12 x 1-GbE,
1 GbE Management,
1 Console
2 x 10-GbE SFP+,
8 x 2.5-GbE SFP,
4 x 2.5-GbE,
12 x 1-GbE,
1 GbE Management,
1 Console
2 x 10-GbE SFP+,
4 x 2.5-GbE SFP,
4 x 2.5-GbE,
16 x 1-GbE,
1 GbE Management,
1 Console
2 x 10-GbE SFP+,
2 x 10-GbE,
4 x 2.5-GbE SFP,
4 x 2.5-GbE,
16 x 1-GbE,
1 GbE Management,
1 Console
Expansion 1 Expansion Slot (Rear)*
Built-in storage 16 GB 32 GB 32 GB 64 GB
Management CLI, SSH, Web UI, Capture Security Center, GMS, REST APIs
SSO users 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000
Maximum access points supported 48 96 128 192
Logging Analyzer, Local Log, Syslog
Firewall/VPN Performance NSA 2650 NSA 3650 NSA 4650 NSA 5650
Firewall inspection throughput1 3.0 Gbps 3.75 Gbps 6.0 Gbps 6.25 Gbps
Threat Prevention throughput2 (Max Security) 600 Mbps 730 Mbps 1.2 Gbps 1.7 Gbps
Threat Prevention throughput2,6 (Performance Optimized) 1.20 Gbps 1.75 Gbps 2.50 Gbps 3.40 Gbps
Application inspection throughput2 1.4 Gbps 2.1 Gbps 3.0 Gbps 4.25 Gbps
IPS throughput2 1.4 Gbps 1.8 Gbps 2.3 Gbps 3.4 Gbps
Anti-malware inspection throughput2 600 Mbps 800 Mbps 1.25 Gbps 1.7 Gbps
IMIX throughput 700 Mbps 900 Mbps 1.3 Gbps 1.45 Gbps
TLS/SSL decryption and inspection throughput (DPI SSL)2 250 Mbps 300 Mbps 500 Mbps 800 Mbps
VPN throughput3 1.3 Gbps 1.5 Gbps 3.0 Gbps 3.5 Gbps
Connections per second 14,000/sec 14,000/sec 40,000/sec 40,000/sec
Maximum connections (SPI) 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000
Maximum connections (DPI) 500,000 750,000 1,000,000 1,500,000
Maximum connections (DPI SSL) 18,000 24,000 30,000 37,000
Default connections (DPI/DPI SSL)4 500,000/12,000 625,000/15,000 750,000/18,000 1,000,000/19,000
VPN NSA 2650 NSA 3650 NSA 4650 NSA 5650
Site-to-site tunnels 1,000 3,000 4,000 6,000
IPSec VPN clients (max) 50 (1,000) 500 (3,000) 2,000 (4,000) 2,000 (6,000)
SSL VPN NetExtender clients (max) 2 (350) 2 (500) 2 (1,000) 2 (1,500)
Encryption/Authentication DES, 3DES, AES (128, 192, 256-bit)/MD5, SHA-1, Suite B Cryptography
Key exchange Diffie Hellman Groups 1, 2, 5, 14v
Route-based VPN RIP, OSPF, BGP
Networking NSA 2650 NSA 3650 NSA 4650 NSA 5650
IP address assignment Static (DHCP, PPPoE, L2TP and PPTP client), Internal DHCP server, DHCP Relay
NAT modes 1:1, many:1, 1:many, flexible NAT (overlapping IPS), PAT, transparent mode
VLAN interfaces 256 256 400 500
Routing protocols BGP, OSPF, RIPv1/v2, static routes, policy-based routing
QoS Bandwidth priority, max bandwidth, guaranteed bandwidth, DSCP marking, 802.1p
Authentication LDAP (multiple domains), XAUTH/RADIUS, SSO, Novell, internal user database, Terminal Services, Citrix, Common Access Card (CAC)
VoIP Full H323-v1-5, SIP
Certifications (in progress) ICSA Firewall, ICSA Anti-Virus, FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria NDPP (Firewall and IPS), UC APL, USGv6, CsFC
High availability5 Active/Passive with State
Active/Passive with State Sync
Active/Active Clustering
Active/Passive with State
Sync, Active/Active DPI with
State Sync, Active/Active
Hardware NSA 2650 NSA 3650 NSA 4650 NSA 5650
Power supply Dual, redundant
120W (one included)
Dual, redundant
350W (one included)
Fans Dual, Fixed Dual, Removable
Input power 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz
Maximum power consumption (W) 37.2 46 93.6 103.6
MTBF @25ºC in hours 162,231 156,681 154,529 153,243
MTBF @25ºC in years 18.5 17.9 17.6 17.5
Form factor 1U Rack Mountable
Dimensions 16.9 x 12.8 x 1.8 in (43 x 32.5 x 4.5 cm) 16.9 x 16.3 x 1.8 in (43 x 41.5 x 4.5 cm)
Weight 11.5 lb (5.2 kg) 11.7 lb (5.3 kg) 15.2 lb (6.9 kg) 15.2 lb (6.9 kg)
WEEE weight 12.1 lb (5.5 kg) 12.3 lb (5.6 kg) 19.6 lb (8.9 kg) 19.6 lb (8.9 kg)
Shipping weight 17.0 lb (7.7 kg) 17.2 lb (7.8 kg) 24.9 lb (11.3 kg) 24.9 lb (11.3 kg)
Major regulatory FCC Class A, CE (EMC, LVD, RoHS), C-Tick, VCCI Class A, MSIP/KCC Class A, UL, cUL, TUV/GS, CB, Mexico CoC by UL, WEEE , REACH, ANATEL, BSMI
Environment (Operating/Storage) 32°-105° F (0°-40° C)/-40° to 158° F (-40° to 70° C)
Humidity 10-90% non-condensing

Product List

High-End Firewall Series NSSP 12400
NSSP 12800
Mid-Range Firewall Series NSa 9650
NSa 9450
NSa 9250
NSa 6650
NSa 4650
NSa 3650
NSa 2650
Entry Level Firewall Series SOHO
virtual firewalls NSv Series NSv 10
NSv 25
NSv 50
NSv 100
NSv 200
NSv 300
NSv 400
NSv 800
NSv 1600
Wireless Security Series SONICWAVE 432E